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巴黎市长德拉诺伊其人其事

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发表于 2014-12-30 15:59 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
    巴黎市长德拉诺伊其人其事
    巴黎市长德拉诺伊的“尊容”
    摘自WikiPedia上有关巴黎市长德拉诺伊的资料:
    德拉诺伊是一个法国的政客,从2001年起任巴黎市长。他来自于法国社会党。他被认为是法兰西共和国潜在的总统候选人。
    他生于突尼斯共和国突尼斯市,他的父亲是突-法混血儿,他的母亲是法国人。十几岁时随家庭一起移居法国。他是一个公开的男同性恋者。
    政治生涯简介:
    他从23岁起参与政治,出任阿维隆市的社会联盟秘书。1977年首次被选为巴黎市议员,1993年成为社会党巴黎市主席。1995年被选为法国参议员,出任议会外交和国防委员会秘书长。
    德拉诺伊从2001年3月18日起出任巴黎市长,当时左翼联盟首次赢得了对市议会的控制权,这是自1871年起巴黎公社以来的第一次左翼联盟胜利。他的前任是Jean Tiberi(1995-2001,提贝里)以及Jacques Chirac(1977-1995,希拉克),希拉克辞去了他担任了18年的市长职务,出任法国总统。
    作为由社会党、绿党和法共组成的左翼联盟的候选人德诺拉伊击败了保守的候选人简-提贝里以及菲利浦-塞圭因;这是由于保守派的两个候选人观点接近、无法区分,导致分散了保守派的选票。在一个传统为右翼据点的城市中,这种因2001年大选的挫败而转向左翼的胜利引起了更多的罢工,简而言之右翼大选失败的一部分的原因是巴黎公众对先前市政管理中出现的各种各样腐败和渎职丑闻感到厌倦。
    实际上,2001年大选之前德拉诺伊并不为人所知,但不久就因在巴黎组织新的与众不同的事件而臭名远扬,例如,在塞纳河岸搞“巴黎海滩”活动,以便让那些无法度假的巴黎市民有一个休闲放松的机会;在巴黎的市中心搞什么日光浴和建一个沙堡。这项能吸引有孩子的家庭,从2002年就一直举行;这项活动已经被许多其它国际性的大城市所采纳。
    自从成为市长后,德拉诺伊的施政目标就改为“提高生活质量、减少污染、削减巴黎市区内的车辆行驶(包括建设一条无污染的电车轨道来减轻巴黎交通的压力)以及建设地下购物中心”。最近他帮助引入一项新的的规划,称之为Vélib'(由”vélo" 和 "libre”(法文“自行车”和“自由”)两词复合而成的新词汇),即建立一条自行车专用道。这项计划可以使巴黎市民能在巴黎各个站点上租用到费用低廉的自行车用作交通工具。这项计划很成功,然后仍有一部分物流货运上的问题需要解决。他已经规划出一项计划,建立一条 ”autilib”,用作小型汽车通行道路。
    他于2008年再次当选巴黎市长(57.7%),任期为6年(2008-2014年)。
    潜在的总统诉求
    2012年,德拉诺伊有可能会考虑向现任总统萨科其发起挑战,但是他也面临着来自于塞古林那-罗伊(Ségolène Royal)的挑战。
    暗杀企图
    在2002年10月5日“白夜节”- 巴黎的一场年年召开的文化活动,他在与公众见面时被刺伤刺客阿泽丁-贝卡尼(Azedine Berkane)告诉警察:“他憎恨政客,社会党以及同性恋者”。在被送往医院之前,德拉诺伊命令聚会继续进行。据报道德拉诺伊的三思不会危及性命,约两周后就出了医院。刺客阿泽丁-贝卡尼最后被允许离开精神病院,因为他的精神病医生认为它不再会造成危险。但是,在2007年4月上旬,他没有按时去精神病医生那里就症,从此之后就再也没有人见到过他。
    争取奥林匹克主办权
    在2005年6月,巴黎没有能争取到2012年夏季奥运会的主办权,这是德拉诺伊德作为市长的首次重大挫败。在他的争办奥运会失败之后,他谴责英国首相托尼-布莱尔为了保住伦敦主办权而不正当地影响了投票的结果。然而,德拉诺伊人气上升是发生在2005年的6月。法国公众开始指责法国总统希拉克,因为希拉克涉嫌说了以下两句话:“比英国食品再差的食品只有芬兰了”,英国对欧洲农业的最大贡献就是制造疯牛? 埃菟嫡饬骄浠懊胺噶斯拾挛钡牧轿环依技薄?
    同性恋
    作为法国的主要政客,德兰诺伊在1998年的一次电视节目中第一个公开同性恋身份(在当选市长之前)。他当选市长使巴黎成为世界上最大的市长为 LGBT(女同性恋、男同性恋、双性恋、跨性别社群)的城市。柏林为第二,市长为克劳斯-沃喔拉伊特,汉堡为第三,市长为奥雷- 冯-波斯特。这三位市长都是在2001年以后上任的。在之以前,全世界最大的LGBT市长城市为加拿大的翁尼佩吉,市长为葛兰-莫雷。
    虽然德拉诺伊并不参加男同性恋和女同性恋社群的活动,但是德拉诺伊希望作出不一样的举动,他希望在针对城市族群的市政补贴不再歧视同性恋者。通过对这种选择而引起的政治上对立的争议正是一种新的“保护主义”(又译为庇护主义)的范例。
    译者按: 知己知彼,百战不殆!作为最早介绍法国文学的曾朴先生的后代,对最近发生在巴黎的不友好事件深表痛心。其实国人一直对法国人民以及法国文学有着极其罗曼蒂克的热爱和崇敬,现代中国青年早就不计较早年殖民时代法国殖民者对中国的侵害了。为什么法国新闻界和一部分法国公众不能以发展的眼光看待中国和中国人民呢。欣闻中法政府开始互动以便修复已经有将近40年的友好关系。中国人民不会忘记故戴高乐总统在60年代伸出的友谊之手,以及随后各界法国政府对中国以及中国人民的友好态度和正常的国与国之间的关系。但也要警惕德拉诺伊之流的卑鄙伎俩。非常疑惑的是为什么在法国左翼阵营(包括法共在内)会出现这样一批人,对此我们应当采取什么策略?
    Bertrand Delanoë (born May 30, 1950) /b&O03;&O41;t&O41;&s71; d&O01;lan&o96;e/ (pronunciation (helpinfo)) is a French politician, and has been the mayor of Paris since 2001. He is from the French Socialist Party. He is coidered to be a potential candidate for President of the French Republic in 2012.
    Delanoë was born in Tunis, Tunisia to a Tunisian-French father and a French mother. He moved to France with his family in his tee. He is openly gay.
    Political career highlights
    He has been involved in politics since the age of twenty-three as the secretary of the Socialist federation in Aveyron. He was fit elected to the Paris city council in 1977. In 1993, he became the head of the city's Socialist Party. In 1995, he was elected to the French Senate, where he was secretary of the Committee on Foreign Affai and Defee.
    Mayor of ParisDelanoë has been mayor of Paris since March 18, 2001, when control of the city council was won by a left-wing alliance for the fit time since the 1871 Paris Commune. His predecesso were Jean Tiberi (19952001), and Jacques Chirac (197795), who resigned after 18 yea as mayor when he was elected president of France.
    Delanoë won the mayohip of Paris, at the head of a coalition of Socialists, Gree and Communists, over the coervative candidates Jean Tiberi and Philippe Séguin, who were unable to resolve their differences and thereby split the coervative vote. This success in a city which has traditionally been a stronghold of the right was made all the more striking by setbacks to the Left in the 2001 electio that occurred more generally  has been partially attributed with the weariness of the Parisian public with respect to various scandals of corruption and graft in the preceding administratio (see corruption scandals in the Paris region).
    Delanoë was virtually unknown before the election of 2001, but soon gained notoriety for organising new and unusual events in Paris, such as the "Paris Beach" (Paris Plage) on the banks of the River Seine every summer in order to give Parisia who could not take a regular vacation a chance to relax, sunbathe and build sandcastles in the center of Paris. The program, especially popular with families with children, has been in place since 2002, and has since been copied by many other international cities.
    Since becoming mayor, Delanoë's goals have been to improve the quality of life, reduce pollution, and cut down on vehicle traffic within the city (including a plan for a non-polluting tramway to ease Parisian traffic) and pedestrian malls. Recently he has helped introduce a new program called Vélib' (a portmanteau of “vélo" and "libre” meaning "free bicycles") which gives Parisia access to inexpeive rental bicycles which are available in statio all around Paris. The program has been enormously successful despite the fact that it still has a few logistical problems to be worked out.[3] He has outlined a plan for an autolib, whereby small ca would be shared.
    He was reelected in 2008 (57,7%) for a new six-year-term (2008-2014).
    Potential Presidential Bid Delanoë may coider challenging current president Sarkozy in 2012, but he also faces a challenge from Ségolène Royal.
    Assassination attempt He was stabbed on October 5, 2002 during the Nuit Blanche, a night of festivities in Paris, while mingling with the public. His assailant, Azedine Berkane, reportedly told police that "he hated politicia, the Socialist Party, and the homosexuals". Before being taken to hospital, Delanoë ordered that the festivities continue. Delanoë's wound was reported not to be life-threatening and he left the hospital after about two weeks.[6] Azedine Berkane was eventually permitted to leave the psychiatric hospital where he had been a patient after his docto no longer coidered him a threat. However, in early April, 2007, he failed to keep a scheduled appointment with his docto, and has not been seen since.
    Olympic bid The failure to secure the 2012 Summer Olympics for Paris on July 6, 2005 was Delanoë's fit major setback as mayor. In the aftermath of the defeat in his Olympic bid, he accused British prime minister Tony Blair of unduly influencing the result in order to secure the games in London. However, Bertrand Delanoë's popularity in fact rose during July 2005. The French public appeared to have laid more of the blame on President Jacques Chirac, who allegedly said that "the only woe food than British food is Finnish" and "the only thing the British have done for Europe's agriculture is mad cow disease", which may have offended two Finnish membe of the International Olympic Committee.
    Homosexuality Delanoë was one of the fit major French politicia to announce that he was gay, during a 1998 television interview (before being elected mayor). His election as mayor made Paris the world's largest city with an openly LGBT mayor (the second largest is Berlin whose mayor is Klaus Wowereit, and the third largest is Hamburg (Ole von Beust)). All three have taken office since 2001; previously, the largest city with an LGBT mayor had been Winnipeg, Canada, with mayor Glen Murray.
    While not taking an active part in the gay and lesbian community, Delanoë wants to make a difference, especially in ending discrimination in municipal subsidies to civic groups. Political opponents argue though that such choices are just a new example of clientelism.
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